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Malaysia and the traditional concept for the Islamic Country


Malaysia and the traditional concept for the Islamic Country

Many Muslims in general and Arabs specifically consider that Malaysia is a model of the successful Islamic state, and they wish that their countries become at the same level of success. In May 2015, i was lucky enough to visit Malaysia on a 10-day trip, where I visited many of the most famous places in this wonderful country. That experience, which allowed me to see an Islamic state close to the eyes that I visited three famous major cities,: Kuala Lumpur , Penang and Langkawi and I used all types of transportation, from internal flight, boat, taxi, bus, metro and even cable car. In this article I try to review many of the characteristics that I consider - in my view - may be one of the reasons for the success of Malaysia and is not available in many other Arab countries.

First of all, we need to review some information about this country which will help in understanding the general nature of the country. Malaysia is a country in Southeast Asia and its federal constitutional monarchy consists of 13 states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia (Malaysian Borneo). Peninsular Malaysia shares a land and maritime border with Thailand in the north and maritime borders with Singapore in the south, Vietnam in the northeast, and Indonesia in the west. East Malaysia shares land and maritime borders with Brunei and Indonesia and a maritime border with the Philippines and Vietnam. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital and largest city while Putrajaya is the seat of federal government. With a population of over 32 million now according to WorldoMeters, Malaysia is the world's 45th most populous country. The southernmost point of continental Eurasia, Tanjung Piai, is in Malaysia. In the tropics, Malaysia is one of 17 megadiverse countries, with large numbers of endemic species. Malaysia is the 66th largest country by total land area, with a land area of 329,613 km2 (127,264 sq mi).All of this information looks interesting, but I would like to highlight other crucial factors for forming the main identity of Malaysia.

 1_Religious pluralism without conflict: Although Islam in Malaysia is the official religion but Malaysian society can be considered a "multi-religious society." According to some statistics in 2016, Muslims constitute 66.72 percent of the population; 17.92 percent Buddhism; 8.96 percent Christianity; 5.12 percent Hinduism; and 1.28 percent Confucianism, Taoism and other traditional Chinese religions. The remainder is accounted for by other faiths, including Animism, Folk religion, Sikhism, Baha'i Faith and other belief systems. It is not strange at all during your travel to easily see mosques, churches and temples in China and Buddhism, a clear indication of the spread of places of worship with its followers in the country. Relations between different religious groups are generally quite tolerant and various groups have been set up to try to promote religious understanding among the different groups, with religious harmony seen as a priority by Malaysian politicians. Even that only Islam has more than one national holiday but Eids, Christmas, Lunar New Year, and Deepavali have been declared national holidays.

2_ Multi-ethnic population: Most common ideas believe that the unification of the origin of the population is one of the factors that may help to homogenize the society and the state as a whole and therefore the success; and although this belief is often right, but Malaysia will be a trend against this idea. You can easily see many Chinese and Indians all over Malaysia, and are heavily involved everywhere in their businesses; shops and markets. It is enough for you to smell the Indian cuisine in many streets with the smell of spicy spices to realize the size of the commercial and housing presence of Indians. This is in addition to the presence of many Arabs and Europeans in tourism (mostly) or works. A member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Malaysia has had one of the best economic records in Asia since its independence from the United Kingdom with its GDP growing at an average of 6.5% per annum for almost 50 years. The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its natural resources, but is expanding in the sectors of science, tourism, commerce and medical tourism. Malaysia's recent rapid development has attracted millions of migrant workers from across Asia. The majority of these migrants are undocumented, a situation which the Malaysian government is struggling to combat, with its treatment and crackdown on migrant workers often criticized by international human rights. Population projections in 2017 show that the Chinese account for 23.2% of the population, Indians make up 7.0% while the native population is 68.8%.

3_Language: It will not be difficult for you to find many people who speak English well and understandably, which greatly helps in the tourism movement in Malaysia. English remains an active second language, with its use allowed for some official purposes under the National Language Act of 1967. In Sarawak; English is an official state language. The official and national language of Malaysia is Malaysian, a standardized form of the Malay language. The National Language Act 1967 specifies the Latin (Rumi) script as the official script of the national language, but does not prohibit the use of the traditional Jawi script (Jawi  is an Arabic alphabet for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.)

4_Roads and Transport: The number of means of transportation and roads with their efficiency may be one of the most important reasons for the success of tourism in Malaysia which facilitates mobility between the various states (total area of ​​Malaysia 329,845 km 2) It is enough only to refer to these information to realize what we are talking about: Malaysia's road network covers approximately 144,403 km 2 (Most of the federal roads in Malaysia are 2-lane roads. In town areas, federal roads may become 4-lane roads to increase traffic capacity). The railway network covers most of the 11 states in Peninsular Malaysia. In East Malaysia, only the state of Sabah has railways. The network is also connected to the Thai railway networks in the north. Moreover, Malaysia has over 62 airports to receive flights. Kuala Lumpur International Airport is the main and busiest airport of Malaysia. In 2014, it was the world's 13th-busiest airport by international passenger traffic, recording over 25.4 million international passenger traffic. It was also the world's 20th-busiest airport by passenger traffic, recording over 48.9 million passengers. Other major airports include Kota Kinabalu International Airport, which is also Malaysia's second-busiest airport and busiest airport in East Malaysia with over 6.9 million passengers in 2013, and Penang International Airport, which serves Malaysia's second-largest urban area, with over 5.4 million passengers in 2013.

5_Characteristic nature: It is a divine scholarship of course, but the best use of it is what may achieve the success of the state, and enough to see the amount of landscapes and green spaces that are located almost everywhere around you, and I never forget that I was amazed at the amount of trees and palms surrounding the airport, which I saw only during plane landing. Malaysian forests can be categorized as tropical rainforest. Approximately 58.2% of Malaysian land is covered by forest. As well as mountains and beaches. In addition, Malaysia lies within the world's coral reef distribution. The reefs can be usually found around islands such as Sipadan Island, Swallow Reef, and Redang Island. Sipadan Island, an underwater mountain, is Malaysia's only oceanic island. Mountain ranges in the East tend to follow north-south or northeast-southwest paths and the highest ranges from the border between Malaysia and Indonesia. The mountains contain many jagged limestone peaks. The Trus Madi Range, also in Sabah, houses Mount Trus Madi, the second highest peak in Malaysia. Bombalai Hill in Sabah is the only active volcano in Malaysia.

6_Public awareness: It is easy to observe that most Malaysians are used to see foreigners and deal with them daily in all activities, from the simplest things to all kinds of financial transactions. But the difference here lies in the acceptance of the people to deal with outsiders and how to deal with them well and not to seek profiteering. It is true that the idea of ​​an entire nation with honesty in dealing is an idea that may seem naive; but the percentage achieved in Malaysia may seem superstitious if it is compared to the exploitation of foreigners in many Arab countries.

In the end, it should be noted that whether or not the success of the Malaysian experience has been agreed upon. It should be clarified that the experience of travel to Malaysia is one of the most distinguished travel experiences. Currently Hundreds of thousands of people travel to visit them annually and it is ranked 9th in the world for tourist arrivals which you should try one day.

References:

My personal remarks during the visit to Malaysia.

Different articles on Wikipedia.

WorldoMeters.info



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